泛亚电竞

“杭后模式”: 立足全域的绿色农业解决方案

绿色发展是国家发展战略,农业绿色发展则是其重要基础。从2017年开始,全国农技中心整合土肥水、作物栽培、植保植检等行业力量,联合有关科研教学单位,在内蒙古杭锦后旗开展试点,探索全域整建制推进种植业绿色生产模式与经验。三年过去,成效如何?

JIZHERIQIANZAILIANZENGCUNCAIFANGSHIKANDAOYIPIANZHUOZHUANG、MAOMIDEXIANGRIKUI,XIANGBUDAOZHEILIYIQIANZHISHIYIPIANZHANGZHEXISHULUWEIDEZHONGDUYANJIANDI,DANGDIQUNZHONGSHUO,SANNIANLAIZHEILIBIANHUAJUDA。JULEJIE,HANGJINHOUQITUIJINZHONGZHIYELVSESHENGCHANCHENGXIAOXIANZHU,MUQIANYITUIGUANGJIESHUIJIANGHAO、KONGFEIZENGXIAO、JIANYAOKONGHAI、JIANMOTIXIAO、ZHIYANGAITUDENGJISHU70WANYUMU,SHIFANQUJIESHUIJIEFEI40%,MUJUNZENGSHOUYUE125YUAN,SHIXIANJIEBENZENGSHOU8750WANYUAN。


图为旗农技中心副主任赵强向参观者介绍示范情况


全域概念,是“杭后模式”成功的前提

DICHUHETAOPINGYUANDEHANGJINHOUQISHIDIANXINGDENONGMUDAXIAN,GUANGREZIYUANFENGFU,GUANGAITIAOJIANYEHENYOUYUE,DANNONGYEZIYUANHUANJINGWENTIYERIYITUXIAN,YOUQISHISHUITUWENTI。YISHITURANGYANJIANHUAPUBIAN,QIZHONGZHONGDUHEZHONGDUYANJIANHUAGENGDIZHANBIJIAODA;ERSHIYINHUANGGUANGAIDADUOCAIYONGDIMIANGUANGAI,YONGSHUILIANGDA,YUANGAOYUQUANGUOPINGJUNSHUIPING;SANSHIHUAFEIYONGLIANGGAOJUBUXIA,CHUCAOJIYONGLIANGBIJIAODA。ZHANGQIYILAI,DANGDINONGYESHENGCHANYINYANDUOERDASHUIXIYAN、YINXIYANERZAOCHENGYANGFENLIUSHIYINFAFEIDUO、TONGSHIYOUYINWEISHUIDUODAILAIGENGDUOYANFENHEDIXIASHUIWEIGUOGAOZAOCHENGYANFENSHANGYILEIJIDEKUNJING。

泛亚电竞SANNIANLAI,QUANGUONONGJIZHONGXINLIANHENEIMENGGUTUFEIZHAN、BAYANNAOERSHINONGJIZHONGXIN、HANGJINHOUQINONGJIZHONGXINDENGSIJITUIGUANGJIGOUYIJIZHONGGUONONGYEDAXUE、ZHONGGUONONGKEYUAN、NEIMENGGUNONGYEDAXUEDENGKEYANJIAOXUEDANWEI,CHUANGJIAN“SIJILIANCHUANG”GONGZUOJIZHI,WEIHANGJINHOUQI“LIANGTICAIYI”,ZHUAZHU“QUANYU、LVSE、ZHONGZHIYE”SANGEGUANJIANDIAN,TUIDONGNONGYELVSEFAZHAN。ZHEYAN“QUANYU”,JISHIXIANQUANCHANYEHESHENGCHANQUANGUOCHENGLIANGGEFUGAI;TUCHU“LVSE”,JIZHONGDIANJIEJUESHUITUWENTI,TONGGUOTURANGYANJIANZHILI、SHUIFEIYAOGAOXIAOJIYUELIYONGDENGJISHUSHOUDUANPEIFEIDILI,GAISHANSHENGTAI;WEIRAO“ZHONGZHIYE”,JIDALIFAZHANYOUZHIZHUANYONGXIAOMAI,ZUODAZUOQIANGGUAGUOCAICHANYE,TISHENGYOUSHITESECHANYEZHILIANGHEXIAOYI。“SIJILIANCHUANG”KEJIFANYADIANJINGTUANDUIRENWEI,HANGJINHOUQIQUANYULVSEDEGUANJIANSHIJIEJUEYANDUO、SHUIDUO、FEIDUO、YAODUODENGWENTI,TIGAOSHUIFEIYAOLIYONGLVSHIQUANYULVSEFAZHANDEJISHUZHONGDIAN,KONGYANSHIJIESHUIDEGUANJIAN、JIESHUISHIJIANFEIDEQIANTI。

泛亚电竞WEISHENMEYAOQIANGDIAOQUANYUZHEIGEGAINIAN?QUANGUONONGJIZHONGXINSHOUXIZHUANJIAGAOXIANGZHAOSHUO,NONGYELVSEFAZHANXUYAOYIGEYOULIANGDESHENGTAIHUANJING,ERZHEIGEHUANJINGSHIQUANFANGWEIDE,XUYAOFUGAIQUANCHANYE、QUANSHENGCHANGUOCHENG。BIRU,CONGXIAOMAI、YUMIDEZHONGZHIDAOLIANGSHIJIAGONG、CHUMUYEDEGUIHUAFAZHAN,CONGCHUQINFENWUZIYUANHUALIYONGDAONONGYEMIANYUANWURANDEZONGHEZHILI,DOUXUYAOYIGEWANZHENGDEGUIHUA。HANGJINHOUQIDEMOSHICHENGGONGLE,WANQUANKEYIFUZHIDAOQITADIQU,ZHIXUYAOGENJUSHIJIDIAOZHENGQIZHONGDELVSEGUANJIANJISHUJIKE。


全面规划,是“杭后模式”成功的基础

XIAOMAI、YUMIHEXIANGRIKUISANDAZUOWUZHANDAOHANGJINHOUQIBOZHONGMIANJIDE86%,KEJIFANYADIANJINGTUANDUIWEIRAOSANDAZUOWUZHONGDIANZAI“GUANZHUSHUI、YAZHUYAN、JIANGHUAFEI、KONGNONGYAO、JIANNONGMO”SHANGJUTIKAIZHANGONGZUO。

泛亚电竞ZHEILIDECHUNXIAOMAISHENGYUQIWEIMEINIAN3-7YUE,SHOUHUOHOUNANYIJIXUZHONGZHIQITAYOUXIAOZUOWU,NONGYESHENGCHANYIJIYOUYU、LIANGJIBUZU。XIAOMAISHOUHUOHOUDIKUAILUOLU,ZHENGFALIANGDA,DITUHEDIXIASHUIZHONGYANFENYISHANGFANLEIJI,CUNZAIJIAOGAODECISHENGYANZIHUAFENGXIAN。JIANYUYOUCAIZAIGAOYU5SHESHIDUDEHUANJINGZHONGJIUNENGSHENGZHANG,KEJIFANYADIANJINGTUANDUIJUEDINGCHONGFENLIYONGXIAOMAISHOUHUOHOUDEGUANGWENZIYUAN,ZHONGZHILVFEIYOUCAI,ZHIGUANYISHUI,SHAOLIANGSHIFEIHUOBUSHIFEI,QUANBUFANYAHAITIAN,SHIXIANGAILIANGTURANG、WEIXIAJIXIAOMAIJIEFEIJIANSHUIDESHENGTAIMUDE。

YUMICHULEDASHUI、DAFEI,HAICUNZAIDIMOCANMOHUISHOUKUNNANDEWENTI。KEJIFANYADIANJINGTUANDUIJIANCHI“WENYANYOUGENG”SILU,SHENHUAYUMIJIEGANHAITIANJISHU,JINXINGTURANGSHENSONG,PEITAONAIMIGAOXIAOPINZHONG、JIESHUIGUANGAI、KEXUESHIFEI、LVSEFANGKONGDENGJISHU,TONGCHOUSHUI、FEI、YAN、MOGUANLI,JIANLILEYI“JIEGANHAITIANSHENSONGJIANMO”GENGZUOKONGYANJISHUWEIHEXINDEYUMIQUANCHENGLVSESHENGCHANJISHUJICHENGMOSHI。JIZHEGUANCHA,GAIMOSHICONGGUANPAI、ZHENGDIYIZHIDAOZUIHOUJIEGANSHENFANYIGONG8GEHUANJIE,GENDANGDINONGMINDECHUANTONGZUOFACHABIEHENDA。

XIANGRIKUISHIYIZHONGNAIYANJIANZUOWU,DANYOUYUTURANGCISHENGYANZIHUAZHUNIANJIAZHONG,YOUDEDIKUAILIANXIANGRIKUIYEBUNENGZHONGLE。KEJIFANYADIANJINGTUANDUITICHULEJISHANGGAI(DIBIAOFUMO)、XIAGE(DIXIAMAISHEJIEGANGECENG)、ZHONGGAI(GENGCENGTURANGSHUIFEIYOUHUA)WEIYITIDEYANZITUGAILIANGXINJISHU——“SHANGMOXIAJIE”JISHU,YICISHISHIKEYICHIXULIYONG3NIANZUOYOU,KEYIYOUXIAOYIZHITUBIAOFANYAN,GAISHANYANJIANTUTURANGJIEGOU,ZENGJIAGENXIHUXIZUOYONG,LIYUTURANGYOUYIWEISHENGWUSHENGZHANG。

ZHEIXIEJISHUSHIRUHETUIGUANGDENI?JIZHELEJIEDAO,“SANQU”(HEXINSHIYANZHANSHIQU、CHANYESHIFANDAIDONGQU、QUANYUFUSHETUIGUANGQU)FANYADIANJINGSHIZHEIXIEJISHULUODIDEZAITI。

SHOUXIAN,YITOUDAOQIAOZHENLIANZENGCUNWEIHEXIN,FANYADIANJINGQUANYUZHONGZHIYELVSESHENGCHANSHIYANSHIFANHEXINQU,ZHENDUIXIAOMAI、YUMI、XIANGRIKUI、SHUIGUO、SHUCAIWUDACHANYE,TONGCHOUKAOLVSHUI、YAN、FEI、YAO、MODENGYINSU,ZHONGDIANDUIDANXIANGJISHUJINXINGJICHENG,XINGCHENGDUOTAOZONGHEXINGQUANCHENGLVSESHENGCHANJISHUTIXI,FENZUOWUCHONGFENZHANSHIJISHUCHENGGUO。

QICI,YITUO6GEQUANYULVSESHENGCHANKEJIXIAOYUAN,XUANZEYOUDAIBIAOXINGDETURANGLEIXING、SHUIYANTIAOJIANJIZHONGZHIMOSHI,FANYADIANJINGJIZHONGLIANPIANDE“CHANXUEYANTUI”YITIHUAZUOWULVSESHENGCHANSHIFANDAIDONGQU,TUIDONGDANXIANGJISHUYANFAXIANGQUANCHENGZONGHEJISHUMOSHIJICHENGSHIFANZHUANBIAN,CUJINKEJICHENGGUOTUIGUANGLUODI。

DISAN,ZAIQUANQIFANYADIANJINGQUANYUZHONGZHIYELVSESHENGCHANFUSHETUIGUANGQU50WANMUYISHANG,ZHONGDIANSHIFANTUIGUANGQUANCHENGLVSEBIAOZHUNHUASHENGCHANJISHU,CHIXUTUIJIN“KONGSHUI、KONGFEI、KONGMO、KONGYAO”DENG“SIKONG”JISHUPUJIYINGYONG,DAZAOZHENGXIANQUANYUNONGYELVSEFAZHANDEDIANXINGYANGBAN。

CHULEZAIKONGZHIGUANGAI、MAIHOUFUZHONG、KONGMOJIANWU、JIANFEIZENGXIAO、JIANYAOKONGHAI、ZHONGYANGJIEHEDENGGUANJIANHUANJIEKAIZHANSHIYANSHIFAN,KEJIFANYADIANJINGTUANDUIHAIJINXINGLEMUXU、MAIHOUYOUCAI、YANMAICAO、MAOYETIAOZIDENGZUOWUQINGJIANHUAZHONGZHIJISHUMOSHIYANJIU,QINGZHUYUMIYUDOUKEZUOWUTAOZHONGYANJIU,YUMI、XIANGRIKUIHEGUOSHUZUOWUZHAOYESHUIFEIYITIHUAJISHUYANJIUYIJIHANGJINHOUQIZHONGYANGJIEHEYOUHUAMOXINGDEYANFA。


三大创新,是“杭后模式”成功的精髓

QUANGUONONGJIZHONGXINZHURENWEIQIWENZAIJIESHOUJIZHECAIFANGSHIBIAOSHI,ZONGJIE“HANGHOUMOSHI”DEJINGYAN,ZHUYAOYOU“SANDACHUANGXIN”,JI: JISHUJICHENGCHUANGXIN、BUMENXIETONGCHUANGXIN、DANGJIANLIANDONGCHUANGXIN。

JISHUJICHENGCHUANGXINSHIQUANYULVSESHENGCHANSHIFANDEHEXIN。CHUANTONGDEDANXIANG、DANGEHUANJIEJISHUTUIGUANGMOSHIYIBUSHIYINGNONGYESHENGCHANXINXINGSHIXINBIANHUA,QUANHUANJIE、QUANCHANYELIANDEJISHUJICHENG,YILANZIZONGHEJISHUJIEJUEFANGAN,CAINENGSHIYINGNONGYELVSEGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDEXUYAO。QUANGUONONGJIZHONGXINRONGHEZHONGXINGEXINGYELILIANG、LIANHEXIANGGUANDANWEI,ZHAOZHUNZHIYUEHANGJINHOUQINONGYEGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDEPINGJINGWENTI,JICHENGCHUANGXINTISHENGGENGDIZHILIANG、DIAOZHENGJIEGOUJIANSHAOTOURUPINSHIYONG、FAZHANSHUIFEIYITIHUATIZHIZENGXIAO、TUIGUANGLVSEFANGKONGQINGJIESHENGCHANDENGZONGHEJISHUTIXIHEMOSHI,WEIQUANYUZHONGZHIYELVSESHENGCHANFAZHANTIGONGLEYOULIDEKEJIZHICHENG。

泛亚电竞BUMENXIETONGCHUANGXINSHISHUNLITUIJINGEXIANGGONGZUODEBAOZHANG。XIANGMUSHISHIGUOCHENGZHONG,QUANGUONONGJIZHONGXIN、ZIZHIQUGENGFEIZHAN、SHIQINONGJIZHONGXINDENGSIJINONGJIBUMENJUNANPAIRENYUANDUNDIANZAICUNLI,ZHONGGUONONGYEDAXUEZHANGFUSUOYUANSHIBAKEJIXIAOYUANTUANDUIDAIJINLEQUANQI6GEXIANGZHEN,NEIMENGGUNONGDAZAIQILIJIANLILEKEYANJIAOXUEJIDI,CHANGNIANDOUYOULAOSHI、XUESHENGCHIZHUZAISHIYANSHIFANYIXIAN,YUNONGJIBUMENYIQILIANHEGONGGUANYANJIU、SHIYANSHIFAN,TONGSHIZAIGUANJIANNONGSHIJIJIEKAIZHANPEIXUNZHIDAOHEGUANMOHUODONG,BANGZHUNONGMINJIEJUESHIJIWENTI。QIWEIZHENGFUZEQINGQUANLIJIYURENCAIWUZHICHI,XIEDIAOYOUGUANXIANGZHENHEBUMENWEIZHUANJIAMENDEGONGZUOHESHENGHUOTIGONGLIANGHAOTIAOJIAN。TUI、YAN、ZHENGSANFANGJIYUQUANYULVSESHENGCHANGONGTONGMUBIAOSHIXIANLEQUANFANGWEI、QUANTIANHOUDEHEZUO,WEIXIANGMUSHUNLISHISHITIGONGLEYOULIBAOZHANG。

泛亚电竞DANGJIANLIANDONGCHUANGXINSHIYINLINGGANBUZHAGENJICENGDEDONGLI。LVSEQUANYULVSESHENGCHANSHIYANSHIFANZHEIGEPINGTAIJIANGXIANGGUANDEBUSHENGSHIXIANSIJIDANGZUZHIDANGYUANJINMILIANXIQILAI,ZAISHENGCHANYIXIANCHENGLILINSHILIANCHUANGDANGZHIBU,DANGYUANLINGDAOGANBUDAITOUDUNDIANSHIJIAN、DAITOUDIAOYANDUDAO、DAITOUYANGELVJI,LUOSHIDUNDIANSHIJIAN、LUOSHIKEJISHIFANHU、LUOSHIJISHUPEIXUN、LUOSHIXIANCHANGGUANMO、LUOSHIJISHULUNWEN,JIANLINONGMINMANYIDUDIAOCHA、LIANCHUANGDANGZHIBUPINGYIHEDANWEIZONGHEKAOPINGDEKAOHEJIZHI,ZHEISHIDANGJIANYEWUQUANXINRONGHEDEYIGECHUANGJU,DANGZUZHIDEZHANDOUBAOLEIZUOYONGHEDANGYUANXIANFENGMOFANZUOYONGDEDAOLECHONGFENFAHUI。

TABIAOSHI,YAORENZHENZONGJIE“HANGHOUMOSHI”DEJINGYAN,ZAISHENGTAITIAOJIANXIANGSI、NONGYEJICHUXIANGTONGDEXIANYUKUODASHIDIAN,TUIDONGXINGCHENGYUZIYUANHUANJINGCHENGZAILIXIANGPIPEIDENONGYELVSEFAZHANGEJU。


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